Subjects

The Department offers many subjects for undergraduates and graduates alike. These are broken down into core, specialized and research subjects. Each year the Department offers 25 undergraduate and more than 90 graduate subjects of instruction from which each student designs, with faculty guidance, an individual program of study that matches his or her interests and experiences. 

Many of the courses developed by DUSP faculty are provided free to the public through MIT's Open CourseWare site.

Fall 2018 Conflict Chart

 

instructors
units
3-0-9 HASS-S
schedule
MW (11:00-12:30) (10-401)
prerequisites
11.002
description

Provides students with an introduction to public policy analysis. Examines various approaches to policy analysis by considering the concepts, tools, and methods used in economics, political science, and other disciplines. Students apply and critique these approaches through case studies of current public policy problems.

instructors
Janelle Knox-Hayes, R. Scheffler, J. Trancik, B. Anthony
units
3-3-3
schedule
MW (11:00-12:30) Lecture, R (1:00-4:00) Lab (56-167 Lecture , 9-451 Lab )
prerequisites
description

Explores historical and cultural aspects of complex environmental problems and engineering approaches to sustainable solutions. Introduces quantitative analyses and methodological tools to understand environmental issues that have human and natural components. Demonstrates concepts through a series of historical and cultural analyses of environmental challenges and their engineering responses.

instructors
Staff
units
3-0-9 HASS-SU
schedule
TR (2:30-4:00) (1-135)
prerequisites
description

Introduces the political economy of international economic development planning, using an applied, quantitative approach. Considers why some countries are able to develop faster than others. Presents major theories and models of development and underdevelopment, providing tools to understand the mechanisms and processes behind economic growth and broader notions of progress.

instructors
units
3-0-9 / HASS-S
schedule
MW (2:00-3:30) (5-217)
prerequisites
description

Explores the evolution of poverty and economic security in the US within a global context. Examines the impacts of recent economic restructuring and globalization. Reviews current debates about the fate of the middle class, sources of increasing inequality, and approaches to advancing economic opportunity and security. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments.

instructors
units
3-0-9U
schedule
MW (2:00-3:30) (9-354)
prerequisites
description

Introduction to negotiation strategies through theory and practice. Emphasizes a "hands-on" personal skill-building approach underpinned by foundational and cutting-edge research. Applications in government, business, nonprofit, multicultural, and interpersonal settings are examined.

instructors
units
3-0-9U
schedule
TR (11:00-12:30) (10-485)
prerequisites
description

Examines the evolving structure of cities, the dynamic processes that shape them, and the significance of a city's history for its future development. Develops the ability to read urban form as an interplay of natural processes and human purposes over time. Field assignments in Boston provide the opportunity to use, develop, and refine these concepts. Enrollment limited.

instructors
units
2-0-7
schedule
R (2:00-4:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

Seminar on downtown in US cities from the late 19th century to the late 20th. Emphasis on downtown as an idea, place, and cluster of interests, on the changing character of downtown, and on recent efforts to rebuild it. Considers subways, skyscrapers, highways, urban renewal, and retail centers. Focus on readings, discussions, and individual research projects.

instructors
units
3-0-9 HASS-S
schedule
MW (11:00-12:30) (9-354)
prerequisites
11.011 or Permission of Instructor
description

Building on the skills and strategies honed in 11.011, explores advanced negotiation through theory and practice. Emphasizes an experiential, personal skill-building approach, underpinned by foundational and cutting-edge research.

instructors
Staff
units
3-0-6 HASS-SU
schedule
TR (11:00-12:30) (1-242)
prerequisites
description

This class explores various types of large-scale planning initiatives that have been devised and implemented to improve the human condition through the lenses of urban planning and international development.

11.125 Introduction to Education: Understanding and Evaluating Education
instructors
Staff
units
3-6-3U
schedule
TR (2:30-4:00) (5-134)
prerequisites
description

One of two introductory subjects on teaching and learning science and mathematics in a variety of K-12 settings. Topics include student misconceptions, formative assessment, standards and standardized testing, multiple intelligences, and educational technology.

instructors
units
3-6-3U
schedule
TR (1:00-2:30) (5-134)
prerequisites
description

Explores how we learn from computer games and simulations, and delve into the process of building and testing their own simulations. First, students investigate the design and use of games and simulations in the classroom, and the research and development issues associated with desktop computer-based, handheld computer based and non-computer based media.

instructors
Greg Schwanbeck
units
3-0-9U
schedule
TR (4:00-5:30) (1-134)
prerequisites
description

Three subject sequence focusing on the theory and practice of K-12 classroom education. Subject concentrates on the theory and psychology associated with student learning. Topics include educational theory, educational psychology, and theories of learning. Classroom observation is a key component.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
T (9:30-12:30) (9-450A)
prerequisites
description

Examines globally relevant challenges of adequately and effectively attending to public sector responsibilities for basic services with limited resources. Particular attention to the contexts of fiscal crises and rapid population growth, as well as shrinkage, through an introduction to methods and processes of budgeting, accounting, and financial mobilization.

instructors
C. Wilder
units
3-0-9
schedule
M (7:00-10:00) Evening (66-160)
prerequisites
description

Provides an in-depth look at a modern institution of oppression: the ghetto. Uses literature to examine ghettoization over time and across a wide geographical area, from Jews in Medieval Europe to African-Americans and Latinos in the 20th-century United States. Also explores segregation and poverty in the urban "Third World."

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
MW (11:00-12:30) (9-451)
prerequisites
description

Examines the behavioral foundation for policy design using urban transportation examples. Introduces multiple frameworks for understanding behavior while contrasting the perspectives of classic economic theory with behavioral economics and social psychology. Suggests corresponding policy interventions and establishes a mapping across behavior, theory, and policy.

instructors
units
1-3-2
schedule
F (10:00-11:00) (9-451)
prerequisites
description

Combines online weekly face-to-face negotiation exercises and in-person lectures designed to empower budding entrepreneurs with negotiation techniques to protect and increase the value of their ideas, deal with ego and build trust in relationships, and navigate entrepreneurial bargaining under constraints of economic uncertainty and complex technical considerations.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
T (2:00-5:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

Examines climate politics both nationally and globally. Addresses economic growth, environmental preservation, and social equity through the lens of sustainability. Uses various country and regional cases to analyze how sociopolitical, economic and environmental values shape climate policy. Students develop recommendations for making climate policy more effective and sustainable.

instructors
units
3-6-3U
schedule
MW (2:30-4:00) (Lecture), M (4:00-5:00) (Lab), F (TBA) Lab (9-255 (Lecture), W31-301 (Lab on Monday), 9-554 (Lab on Friday))
prerequisites
description

An introduction to the research and empirical analysis of urban planning issues using geographic information systems. Extensive hands-on exercises provide experience with various techniques in spatial analysis and querying databases.

instructors
units
2-2-2
schedule
M (2:00-5:00) Lab, W (2:30-4:00) (Lecture) (W31-301 (Lab), 9-255 (Lecture))
prerequisites
description

Practical introduction to spatial analysis and geographic information systems (GIS). Examines how geography is represented digitally and how nonrandom distributions of phenomena as diverse as poverty and scenic resources can be better understood by examining their spatial characteristics. Limited enrollment; preference to first-year MCP students.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
MW (2:00-3:30) (5-217)
prerequisites
description

Explores the evolution of poverty and economic security in the US within a global context. Examines the impacts of recent economic restructuring and globalization. Reviews current debates about the fate of the middle class, sources of increasing inequality, and approaches to advancing economic opportunity and security. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments.

instructors
units
4-2-6G
schedule
MW (11:00-12:30), W (5:00-6:30) Recitation , R 11:00-12:30 Recitation , F (1:00-2:30) Recitation (4-237 (Lecture), 5-233, 56-169, 9-451)
prerequisites
Restricted to first-year MCP students or Permission of instructor
description

Develops logical, empirically based arguments using statistical techniques and analytic methods. covers elementary statistics, probability, and other types of quantitative reasoning useful for description, estimation, comparison, and explanation. Emphasis on the use and limitations of analytical techniques in planning practice. Restricted to first-year MCP students.

instructors
units
3-3-6
schedule
TR (11:00-12:30) (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Surveys uses of qualitative methods in urban design and planning research and practice. Topics include observing environments, physical traces, and environmental behavior; asking questions; focused interviews; standardized questionnaires; use of written archival materials; use of visual materials, including photographs, new media, and maps; case studies; and comparative methods.

instructors
Dayna Cunningham, Alison Coffey
units
3-0-3G
schedule
TR (5:00-6:30) (9-451)
prerequisites
description

Focuses on co-designing and co-conducting research with community partners at various stages of the research process; examination of actual cases in which PAR-like methods have been used with greater or lesser success; and interaction with community members, organizations, and individuals who have been involved in PAR collaborations.

instructors
Dennis Frenchman, Gilad Rosenzweig
units
2-4-6
schedule
W (6:00-8:00), F (9:00-1:00) (9-450A)
prerequisites
description

Students work in entrepreneurial teams to advance innovative ideas, products, services, and firms oriented to design and the built environment. Lectures, demonstrations, and presentations are supplemented by workshop time, when teams interact individually with instructors and industry mentors, and by additional networking events and field trips.

instructors
Eric Klopfer, Jason Haas
units
3-6-3G
schedule
TR (1:00-2:30) (5-134)
prerequisites
description

Understand how we learn from computer games and simulations, and delve into the process of building and testing their own simulations. First, students explore the design and use of games and simulations in the classroom, and the research and development issues associated with desktop computer-based, handheld computer based and non-computer based media.

instructors
units
4-0-8G
schedule
MW (3:30-5:30) (9-354)
prerequisites
description

Investigates social conflict and distributional disputes in the public sector. While theoretical aspects of conflict and consensus building are considered, focus is on the practice of negotiation and dispute resolution. Comparisons between unassisted and assisted negotiation are reviewed along with the techniques of facilitation and mediation.

instructors
units
1-3-2
schedule
F (10:00-11:00) (9-451)
prerequisites
description

Combines online weekly face-to-face negotiation exercises and in-person lectures designed to empower budding entrepreneurs with negotiation techniques to protect and increase the value of their ideas, deal with ego and build trust in relationships, and navigate entrepreneurial bargaining under constraints of economic uncertainty and complex technical considerations.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
T (2:00-5:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

Examines climate politics both nationally and globally. Addresses economic growth, environmental preservation, and social equity through the lens of sustainability. Uses various country and regional cases to analyze how sociopolitical, economic and environmental values shape climate policy. Students develop recommendations for making climate policy more effective and sustainable.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
M (3:00-6:00) (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Examines ways urban design contributes to distribution of political power and resources in cities. Investigates the nature of relations between built form and political purposes through close study of a wide variety of situations where public sector design commissions and planning processes have been clearly motivated by political pressures.

instructors
Dennis Frenchman, Kairos Shen
units
6-0-12H
schedule
MW (2:30-5:30), M (6:00-7:30) (10-485)
prerequisites
description

Focuses on the synthesis of projects for the real estate development industry, including the integration of physical design and programming with finance and marketing. Interdisciplinary student teams analyze how to maximize value in large-scale, mixed use projects in the process of preparing professional development proposals, involving sites in US cities and internationally.

instructors
units
6-0-9 PRACTICUM
schedule
W (5:30-7:30), F (9:00-12:00) (10-485)
prerequisites
Permission of Instructor
description

Introduces a range of practical approaches involved in evaluating and planning sites within the context of natural and cultural systems. Develops the knowledge and skills to analyze and plan a site for development through exercises and an urban design project.

instructors
units
3-0-9G
schedule
R (9:30-12:30) (9-450B)
prerequisites
description

Reviews a range of models for engaging communities, from a client-consultant relationship to advocacy, community organizing, consensus building, capacity building, and knowledge building. Considers the ways these different models can be used to strengthen democracy and advance equity in planning processes.

instructors
Carlo Ratti, Ricardo Alvarez
units
3-0-6
schedule
F (2:00-5:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

The Digital Revolution is changing the way we live today as radically as the Industrial Revolution did almost two centuries ago. As urbanization accelerates across the world, digital media and information technologies hold huge potential for understanding, designing, and managing cities.

instructors
Lauren Jacobi, Rafi Segal
units
3-0-6 / 3-0-9
schedule
TR (11:00-12:30) (4-261)
prerequisites
4.252J, 11.001J, 11.301J, or permission of instructor
description

Examines the complex development of cities through history by tracing a diachronic accumulation of forms and spaces in specific cities, and showing how significant ideas were made manifest across distinct geographies and cultures. Emphasizes how economic, spiritual, political, geographic and technological forces have simultaneously shaped and, in turn, been influenced by the city.

instructors
units
2-0-7
schedule
W (9:00-11:00) (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Examines innovations in urban design practice occurring through the work of leading practitioners in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning. Features lectures by major national and global practitioners in urban design.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
F (12:00-3:00) (10-485)
prerequisites
description

Explores theories, practices, and emerging trends in the fields of landscape architecture and urbanism, such as systemic design, landscape urbanism, engineered nature, drosscapes, urban biodiversity, urban mobility, megaregions, and urban agriculture. Lectures, readings, and guest speakers present a wide array of multi-disciplinary topics, including current works from P-REX lab.

instructors
units
0-12-9 PRACTICUM
schedule
TR (1:00-6:00) (5-414)
prerequisites
description

Examines the rehabilitation and re-imagination of a city. Analyzes the city at three scales: citywide, neighborhood, and individual dwellings. Aims to shape innovative design solutions, enhance social amenity, and improve economic equity through strategic and creative geographical, urban design and architectural thinking.

instructors
C. Gordon
units
2-0-4
schedule
TR (4:00-5:30) First half of the term (9-354)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Develops a strong strategic understanding of how best to deliver various types of projects in the built environment. Examines the compatibility of various project delivery methods, consisting of organizations, contracts, and award methods, with certain types of projects and owners.

instructors
units
3-0-9G
schedule
R (6:00-9:00) (9-354)
prerequisites
description

Focuses on key business and legal issues within the principal agreements used to lease, finance, and restructure a real estate venture.

instructors
units
3-0-6H
schedule
MW (9:30-11:00) (9-451)
prerequisites
description

Presents a theory of comparative differences in international housing outcomes. Introduces institutional differences in the ways housing expenditures are financed, and the economic determinants of housing outcomes, such as construction costs, land values, housing quality, and ownership rates.

instructors
units
3-0-9H
schedule
TR (2:30-4:00) (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Analysis of local and state power to regulate land use and development. Particular emphasis on the evolution of planning and zoning regulations, and the perceived narrowing of the relationship between public improvements requirements and development impact.

instructors
units
3-0-9G
schedule
R (2:00-5:00) (9-450A)
prerequisites
description

Examines the history and dynamics of international environmental treaty-making, or what is called environmental diplomacy. Emphasizes climate change and other atmospheric, marine resource, global waste management and sustainability-related treaties and the problems of implementing them.

instructors
T. Kochan
units
3-6-3
schedule
W (4:00-7:00) (E62-223)
prerequisites
description

Examines opportunities and challenges involved in building and growing businesses that achieve high financial performance and provide good jobs and careers to employees. Students engage participants in the MITx online course title Shaping the Future of Work to learn about the expectations and employment experiences of workers across the world.

instructors
P. Osterman
units
3-0-9
schedule
M (3:00-5:00) (E62-350)
prerequisites
description

Discusses the broader trends in the labor market, how urban labor markets function, public and private training policy, other labor market programs, the link between labor market policy and economic development, and the organization of work within firms.

instructors
units
2-0-4H
schedule
TR (2:30-4:00) First half of the term, Recitation T 5:30-7:00 (9-354)
prerequisites
11.431, 15.401, 15.402, or 15.407
description

Introduces real estate capital markets for institutional investors. Topics include real estate investment trusts (REIT), commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS), and private equity. Concepts and techniques for investment analysis include portfolio theory and equilibrium asset pricing. Additional topics may include price indexing and derivatives.

instructors
units
2-0-4G
schedule
TR (4:00-5:30) Second half of the term, Recitation T 5:30-7:00 (9-354)
prerequisites
description

Introduction to analytical tools to support design and decision-making in real estate, infrastructure development, and investment. Particular focus on identifying and valuing sources of flexibility using "real options," Monte-Carlo simulation, and other techniques from the field of engineering systems.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
MW (1:00-2:30) First Half of Term, F 12 - Recitation (9-451, 9-354)
prerequisites
description

Provides an overview of affordable and mixed-income housing development for students who wish to understand the fundamental issues and requirements of urban scale housing development, and the process of planning, financing and developing such housing. Students gain practical experience assembling a mixed-income housing development proposal.

instructors
units
3-0-9 PRACTICUM
schedule
MW (9:30-11:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
11.203, 11.220, Permission of Instructor
description

Focuses on the policy tools and planning techniques used to formulate and implement local economic development strategies. Includes an overview of economic development theory, discussion of major policy areas and practices employed to influence local economic development, a review of analytic tools to assess local economies and how to formulate strategy.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
F (7:00-12:00) (Off Campus )
prerequisites
description

Introduction to core writings in urban sociology. Explores the nature and changing character of the city and the urban experience, providing context for the development of urban studies research and planning skills.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
MW (11:00-12:30) (9-451)
prerequisites
description

Examines the behavioral foundation for policy design using urban transportation examples. Introduces multiple frameworks for understanding behavior while contrasting the perspectives of classic economic theory with behavioral economics and social psychology. Suggests corresponding policy interventions and establishes a mapping across behavior, theory, and policy.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
T (9:30-12:30) (9-450A)
prerequisites
description

Examines globally relevant challenges of adequately and effectively attending to public sector responsibilities for basic services with limited resources. Particular attention to the contexts of fiscal crises and rapid population growth, as well as shrinkage, through an introduction to methods and processes of budgeting, accounting, and financial mobilization.

instructors
units
2-2-2
schedule
MW (2:30-4:00) (Lecture), M (2:30-5:00) (Lab) (W31-301 (Lab), 9-255 (Lecture))
prerequisites
description

An introduction to geographic information systems (GIS) as applied to urban and regional planning, community development, and local government. Emphasis on learning GIS technology and spatial analysis techniques through extensive hands-on exercises using real-world data sets such as the US census of population and housing.

instructors
units
3-3-6H
schedule
T (4:00-7:00) Lab, R (5:00-6:30) Lecture (W31-301 (Lab), 9-450B (Lecture))
prerequisites
description

Extends the computing and geographic information systems (GIS) skills developed in 11.520 to include spatial data management in client/server environments and advanced GIS techniques. First half covers the content of 11.523, introducing database management concepts, SQL (Structured Query Language), and enterprise-class database management software.

instructors
units
2-2-2H
schedule
T (4:00-7:00) Lab, R (5:00-6:30) Lecture (W31-301 (Lab), 9-450B (Lecture))
prerequisites
description

The fundamentals of database management systems as applied to spatial analysis. Includes extensive hands-on exercises using real-world planning data. Introduces database management concepts, SQL (Structured Query Language), and enterprise-class database software. Same content as first half of 11.521. First half of term. Prerequisites: 11.204 or permission of instructor

instructors
units
H
schedule
T (4:00-7:00) Lab, R (5:00-6:30) Lecture (W31-301 (Lab), 9-450B (Lecture))
prerequisites
description

Learning and utilizing advanced geographic information system techniques in studio/lab setting with real-world client problem and complex digital spatial data infrastructure. Projects typically use the client and infrastructure setting for 11.521. Credit cannot also be received for 11.521 in the same semester. Second half of term. Prerequisites: 11.523 or permission of instructor

instructors
Jeffrey Rosenblum
units
3-0-9G
schedule
TR (11:00-12:30) (9-451)
prerequisites
Permission of Instructor
description

Focuses on the integration of land use and transportation planning, drawing from cases in both industrialized and developing countries. Reviews underlying theories, analytical techniques, and the empirical evidence of the land use-transportation relationship at the metropolitan, intra-metropolitan, and micro-scales.

instructors
J. Coughlin
units
3-0-9H
schedule
F (2:00-5:00) (1-150)
prerequisites
Permission of the instructor
description

Examines the economic and political conflict between transportation and the environment. Investigates the role of government regulation, green business and transportation policy as a facilitator of economic development and environmental sustainability.

instructors
units
3-0-6H
schedule
W (2:00-5:00) (9-450)
prerequisites
description

Seminar focused on helping to doctoral students to do learn how to craft an argument, a fundamental building block of independent scholarship, including using theory to frame an argument; moving from data to an argument; and writing a literature review with a critical point of view. Builds on first year paper proposal developed in 11-233, as well as data gathered over the IAP period.

instructors
Julie Newman, Tim Gutowski
units
3-0-9
schedule
MW (2:30-4:00) (3-333)
prerequisites
description

Solving for carbon neutrality at MIT requires a deep understanding of technology options, and human behaviors, as well as regional, state and municipal energy production and distribution systems, economic frameworks and policy.  The course will be designed for students to consider the local, state, regional and national context of solving for carbon neutrality and inform the development of the

instructors
units
3-0-9 PRACTICUM
schedule
W (2:00-5:00) (9-450A)
prerequisites
description

This DUSP practicum will meet once per week for 3 hours and be taught in collaboration with the MIT Offices of Planning and Sustainability. The course will use a portion of the campus (yet to be determined) as a study site where the linked issues of storm water and vegetation management are in need of redesign in order to meet projected climate change impacts.

instructors
units
2-0-10
schedule
M (3:00-5:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

Contestation of the global relevance of norms and processes of urban development planning in high-income countries has highlighted the importance of understanding urbanism as practiced and experienced in cities of the “global South” – including Africa, Asia, and Latin America.  Even while acknowledging how such geographic proxies or typologies of cities are delimiting, this class aims to guide

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
MW (9:30-11:00) (9-255)
prerequisites
description

Data visualization is an important way for architects, planners, and policy experts to communicate with the public and its use has increased dramatically.

instructors
units
3-0-9 PRACTICUM
schedule
W (2:00-5:00) (10-401)
prerequisites
14.01; 11.202 or 11.203; or by permission of instructor
description

Examines theories of infrastructure from science and technology studies, history, economics, and anthropology in order to understand the prospects for change for many new and existing infrastructure systems. Examines how these theories are then implemented within systems in the modern city, including but not limited to, energy, water, transportation, and telecommunications infrastructure.

instructors
John Kennedy , Kate Mytty
units
3-0-3 (1st half of semester)
schedule
T (9:00-12:00) (9-450)
prerequisites
description

Informal urban markets are vital for income generation for marginalized populations, urban-based exchange, and a key link to urban supply chains. There are few tools and methodologies that capture and respond to the dynamics of informal markets.

instructors
units
2-0-4
schedule
M (5:00-7:00) (9-450)
prerequisites
description

This course begins with readings on the subjects of politics and planning, that is, the people. The initial classes will discuss the lives and perspectives of blacks, working class whites, and immigrants as illuminated through fictional narratives. The aim is to ground democracy’s potential within its principal components—the people themselves.

instructors
units
3-0-9
schedule
W (2:00-5:00) (34-301)
prerequisites
Send in a writing sample, 800-1000 words. (Can be an excerpt; it’ll be used to gauge the applicant’s writing skill).
description

The modern city—with its attractive industry, remarkable vitality, strange solitudes, and wide and varied human contrasts—gathers peoples and forces with such dynamism that it can seem as incomprehensible as it is interesting. How, then, does one see the city in its varied complexity with a rich understanding of the lives and institutions and sensibilities that animate it?

instructors
Carlo Ratti, Ricardo Alvarez
units
2-0-4
schedule
T (6:00-8:00) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

The Senseable City Lab will be hosting a class focused on discussing ongoing technological revolutions and their potential impacts for cities in the future.

instructors
units
3-0-6
schedule
M (5:30-7:30) (9-217)
prerequisites
description

This course is intended for MCP students preparing to write their thesis. The class will introduce the basics of field research, including different types of data collection and qualitative data analysis techniques. Over the course of the semester, students will develop their ideas for their thesis project and prepare a thesis proposal.

instructors
AC Kemp
units
schedule
MW (12:30-2:00) (1-277)
prerequisites
description

Focuses on techniques, format, and prose used in academic and professional life. Emphasis on writing required in fields such as economics, political science, and architecture. Short assignments include business letters, memos, and proposals that lead toward a written term project. Methods designed to accommodate those whose first language is not English.