Five DUSP Faculty Win MIT Global Seed Funds Grants

DUSP is proud to announce that four of our IDG faculty have been honored with grants from the MISTI Global Seed Funds and other university partners for the following research proposals:

Socioeconomic Impact Analysis of Yellow-dust Storms: An Approach and Case Study for Beijing

Dust storms can extensively disrupt socioeconomic activities and pose hazards to human health and the ecosystem; yet no one has made a systematic analysis of dust storms from an economic perspective. Using a case study for Beijing in 2000, we present a preliminary analysis of socioeconomic impacts of yellow-dust storms, integrating regional economic analysis models with environmental-economic evaluation techniques. Our analyses demonstrate that the

Evaluating environmental and economic benefits of yellow dust storm-related policies in north China

Yellow-dust storms (YDSs) have attracted increasing attention worldwide in the past decade. They can extensively disrupt socioeconomic activities and pose hazards to ecosystems, as well as to human health. In recent years, China has invested multi-billions of dollars to mitigate the impact of YDSs. However, the effectiveness of such YDS control programmes has rarely been evaluated. This research develops a causal model to quantify the environmental benefits of YDS control programmes in China, and further employs regional economic models to evaluate the ensuing economic impacts.

Design After Decline: How America Rebuilds Shrinking Cities by Brent Ryan makes Planetizen's Top 10 List

Design After Decline: How America Rebuilds Shrinking Cities
by Brent D. Ryan
University of Pennsylvania Press, 288 pages

Regional, Economic, and Environmental Implications of Dual Ethanol Technologies in Brazil

Climate change, food security, and energy efficiency have become universal challenges for global economic development and environmental conservation that demand in-depth multidisciplinary research. Biofuels have emerged as a decisive factor in the fight against global warming and air pollution from fossil fuel use, and they can play an important role in the development of poor as well as rich regions. In this work, we investigate the implications of biofuels for regional development in Brazil given its historic experience as an ethanol producer.

Energy Use in the U.S. Food System

Energy is an important input in growing, processing, packaging, distributing, storing, preparing, serving, and disposing of food. Analysis using the two most recent U.S. benchmark input-output accounts and a national energy data system shows that in the United States, use of energy along the food chain for food purchases by or for U.S. households increased between 1997 and 2002 at more than six times the rate of increase in total domestic energy use. This increase in food-related energy flows is over 80 percent of energy flow increases nationwide over the period.

Comprehensive evaluation of effects of straw-based electricity generation: A Chinese case

Greater use of renewable energy is being aggressively promoted to combat climate change by the Chinese government and by other governments. Agricultural straw is the kind of renewable energy source that would become a pollution source if it is not well utilized. We select the Shiliquan straw-based electricity generation project in Shandong Province, China as a case and assess environmental externalities of straw utilization in power plants by using life-cycle analysis.