A subjective measure of car dependence was developed based on people’s own assessment of their reliance on car use. The measure supplements the commonly used objective measure based on actual car use. Structural equation models (SEM) were estimated to quantify the subjective dependence and to examine its determinants: demographics, socioeconomics, and land use and transit access. The comparison between subjective dependence and actual car use discloses significant differences between both measures despite their statistical linkage.
Passenger incidence (station arrival) behavior has been studied primarily to understand how changes to a transit service will affect passenger waiting times. The impact of one intervention (i.e. increasing frequency) could be overestimated compared to another (i.e. improving reliability), depending on the assumption of incidence behavior. It is important to understand passenger incidence so that management decisions will be based on realistic behavioral assumptions.
Based on four comprehensive transportation surveys in Shanghai, this study examines the latest trends in Shanghai’s travel demand, investigates their social, economic and spatial drivers, and compares the pace of travel demand growth in three periods: I) 1980s to early 90s; II) early 90s to mid 2000s; and III) mid 2000s to now. The demand growth is relatively slow in Period I, and then speeds up in Period II, before returning to a slower pace in Period III.
To address the urgent need to research, design, and implement solutions to urban challenges, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) Center for Advanced Urbanism today announce a new research collaboration that will focus on how design can improve urban health. This research will support AIA’s efforts through the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI), Decade of Design. The announcement came at the start of the CGI Winter Meeting.
In 2009, London Overground management implemented a new tactical plan for AM and PM Peak service on the North London Line (NLL). This paper documents that tactical planning intervention and evaluates its outcomes in terms of certain aspects of service delivery (the operator’s perspective on system performance) and service quality (the passenger’s perspective). Analyses of service delivery and quality, and passenger demand contribute to the development, proposal, and implementation of the new tactical plan.
Increased automobile ownership and use in China over the last two decades has increased energy consumption, worsened air pollution, and exacerbated congestion. However, the countrywide growth in car ownership conceals great variation among cities. For example, Shanghai and Beijing each had about 2 million motor vehicles in 2004, but by 2010, Beijing had 4.8 million motor vehicles whereas Shanghai had only 3.1 million. Among the factors contributing to this divergence is Shanghai’s vehicle control policy, which uses monthly license auctions to limit the number of new cars.
Monday, February 25, 6:00 pm, Building 10, Room 485
Civic Hacking as Civic Engagement
Lawrence Barriner II (MCP Candidate 2014) is featured in a Student Profile in the PLAN 83, pasted below.
MIT (SB expected Spring 2014)
MCP expected Spring 2014
In the fourth IDG student profile, we meet fifth-year PhD student Deepak Lamba-Nieves as he reflects on his time at DUSP, his plans for the future and what it means to study international development within a city planning context.
1. What were you doing before you came to DUSP?