Decade of Design: Health & Urbanism

Submitted by Ezra Glenn on Fri, 03/01/2013 - 12:06pm

To address the urgent need to research, design, and implement solutions to urban challenges, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) Center for Advanced Urbanism today announce a new research collaboration that will focus on how design can improve urban health. This research will support AIA’s efforts through the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI), Decade of Design. The announcement came at the start of the CGI Winter Meeting.

Automatic Data for Applied Railway Management

Submitted by Jinhua Zhao on Thu, 02/28/2013 - 10:51pm

In 2009, London Overground management implemented a new tactical plan for AM and PM Peak service on the North London Line (NLL). This paper documents that tactical planning intervention and evaluates its outcomes in terms of certain aspects of service delivery (the operator’s perspective on system performance) and service quality (the passenger’s perspective). Analyses of service delivery and quality, and passenger demand contribute to the development, proposal, and implementation of the new tactical plan.

Bidding to Drive

Submitted by Jinhua Zhao on Thu, 02/28/2013 - 10:34pm

Increased automobile ownership and use in China over the last two decades has increased energy consumption, worsened air pollution, and exacerbated congestion. However, the countrywide growth in car ownership conceals great variation among cities. For example, Shanghai and Beijing each had about 2 million motor vehicles in 2004, but by 2010, Beijing had 4.8 million motor vehicles whereas Shanghai had only 3.1 million. Among the factors contributing to this divergence is Shanghai’s vehicle control policy, which uses monthly license auctions to limit the number of new cars.

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