Journal Article
Desvinculado y Desigual: Latino Segregation and Access to Opportunity

Despite the high levels of metropolitan-area segrega- tion that Latinos experience, there is a lack of research examining the effects of segregation on Latino socio- economic outcomes and whether those effects differ from the negative effects documented for African Americans. We find that segregation is consistently associated with lower levels of educational attainment and labor market success for both African American and Latino young adults compared with whites, with associations of similar magnitudes for both groups. One mechanism through which segregation may influence outcomes is the difference in the levels of neighbor- hood human capital to which whites, Latinos, and African Americans are exposed. We find that higher levels of segregation are associated with lower black and Latino neighborhood exposure to residents with college degrees, relative to whites. We also find support for other commonly discussed mechanisms, such as exposure to neighborhood violent crime and the rela- tive proficiency of the closest public school. 

Title
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSteil J
Secondary AuthorsDe la Roca J
Tertiary AuthorsEllen IGould
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Volume660
Issue1
Pagination57-76
Abstract

Despite the high levels of metropolitan-area segrega- tion that Latinos experience, there is a lack of research examining the effects of segregation on Latino socio- economic outcomes and whether those effects differ from the negative effects documented for African Americans. We find that segregation is consistently associated with lower levels of educational attainment and labor market success for both African American and Latino young adults compared with whites, with associations of similar magnitudes for both groups. One mechanism through which segregation may influence outcomes is the difference in the levels of neighbor- hood human capital to which whites, Latinos, and African Americans are exposed. We find that higher levels of segregation are associated with lower black and Latino neighborhood exposure to residents with college degrees, relative to whites. We also find support for other commonly discussed mechanisms, such as exposure to neighborhood violent crime and the rela- tive proficiency of the closest public school.