Real Rights to the City: Cases of Property Rights changes towards equity in eastern Asia

Submitted by Annette M. Kim on Thu, 01/31/2013 - 12:56pm

Explains the collective purpose of this special issue: to provide empirical case studies of when there have been relatively equitable outcomes in land disputes under Asian authoritarian regimes. Comparative analysis indicates that inter-governmental politics and social narrative processes deserve further study.

Unimaginable Change: Future Directions in Planning Practice and Research about Institutional Reform

Submitted by Annette M. Kim on Thu, 01/31/2013 - 12:37pm

Planning aspires to intervene and make positive change. However, our ideas about how to create institutional reform need to be revisited because they do not fully account for the changes we have witnessed. This article assesses the state of our knowledge about institutions, and of how we construct and change them. It identifies the major deficiencies in new institutionalism in planning theory and searches for how to influence positive institutional change.

The Mixed-use Sidewalk: Vending and property rights in public space

Submitted by Annette M. Kim on Thu, 01/31/2013 - 12:23pm

Around the globe, streets and sidewalks in cities are being contested as spaces that should be used for more than transportation. This article challenges our understanding of both property rights and public space by applying a property rights framework to situate sidewalk use debates. It analyzes and maps the sidewalk property regimes of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam through a novel integration of surveying and ethnography. The case illuminates the feasibility of a mixed-use sidewalk that can be shared between various kinds of uses and users.

AlphaWorld

Submitted by Brent D. Ryan on Fri, 12/21/2012 - 3:29pm

This paper describes the urban design of the digital city called AlphaWorld. AlphaWorld is a digital community created in 1995 and accessed daily through the internet by thousands of users. Unlike other digital communities, AlphaWorld’s users may also settle land and construct objects within the world. The design and content of these constructions are determined autonomously, and the cumulative result of this settlement is an organically evolved digital city.

Morphological Change Through Residential Redevelopment

Submitted by Brent D. Ryan on Fri, 12/21/2012 - 3:20pm

This study examines the morphological changes that occur when residential redevelopment takes place in severely deteriorated inner-city areas. Six large redevelopments completed between 1990 and 2000 in Detroit, Michigan, USA are examined. Seven morphological characteristics of the new housing are compared with those of the housing that existed in 1951.

Incomplete and Incremental Plan Implementation in Downtown Providence, RI, 1960-2000

Submitted by Brent D. Ryan on Fri, 12/21/2012 - 3:17pm

Between 1960 and 2000, Providence, Rhode Island, transformed its downtown through physical redevelopment. This article examines the proposals and implementation of seven major downtown plans issued for Providence during this period. Each plan proposed significant physical changes like the redevelopment of city blocks, the relocation of railroads, or the construction of open space. Despite Providence’s successful redevelopment reputation, the study found that Providence’s downtown plan implementation was both incomplete and incremental.

Valuing New Development in Distressed Neighborhoods

Submitted by Brent D. Ryan on Thu, 12/20/2012 - 7:39pm

We estimate the effect of design on the assessed values of new housing units in high-poverty Chicago census tracts with a parcel-based hedonic regression in which we distinguish between three urban design types: enclave, traditional neighborhood development (TND), and infill. We find that urban design significantly affects housing values, and infill housing is more highly valued than either enclave or TND housing.

The Entertainment Zone

Submitted by Brent D. Ryan on Thu, 12/20/2012 - 7:35pm

This paper describes informal, small-scale leisure and nightlife districts or entertainment zones (EZs) which have developed in or near the downtowns of mid-sized and large American cities in recent years. Occupying older vernacular buildings in marginal areas of downtown, the bars, cafes, restaurants, nightclubs and performance spaces of EZs have developed largely without the large-scale design, planning, government action or subsidy common in formal urban entertainment districts.

The Restructuring of Detroit

Submitted by Brent D. Ryan on Thu, 12/20/2012 - 7:19pm

This paper examines the dramatic changes to city block morphology that occurred during the 20th century in Detroit, MI, USA. The study area is comprised of four square miles (10.4km2) of downtown Detroit. The paper measures the amount and causes of city block frontage change between the years 1896 and 2002, and finds that 37% of Detroit’s 1896 city block frontage was removed by 2002. Only 50% of the removed frontage was replaced with new frontage.

Pages