Investigates resistance narratives of local actors alongside formal development plans. Reveals multiple placemaking strategies, landscapes and meaning systems buried beneath official maps and city building histories. Examines how groups of residents, activists and radical planners have intervened to reclaim places scarred by undemocratic planning, uneven economic investment, social exclusion and/or capricious public policies. Gathering a broad set of "spatial" evidence from U.S.-focused ethnographies, literature, case studies, live walking tours, guest practitioners and visual media, this course will equip students with a range of analytical tools for considering race, class and gendered marginalities in landscapes under economic pressure. Explores large-scale land changes across several U.S. sites including Boston, Los Angeles, Star Prairie (Minnesota), Baltimore and Amigo (West Virginia).