Governing the Slum: Global Urbanism and the New Poverty Agenda
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Governing the Slum: Global Urbanism and the New Poverty Agenda
In a time of dramatic shifts in the manufacturing sector -- from large industrial-scale production and design to small-scale distributed systems; from polluting and consumptive production to a clean and sustainable process; from a demand of unskilled labor to a growing need for a more educated and specialized workforce--cities will see new investment and increased employment opportunities. Yet, to reap these benefits will require a shift in our thinking about city physical planning and its design and development. What might the future relationships between city and industry look like?
In a time of dramatic shifts in the manufacturing sector -- from large industrial-scale production and design to small-scale distributed systems; from polluting and consumptive production to a clean and sustainable process; from a demand of unskilled labor to a growing need for a more educated and specialized workforce--cities will see new investment and increased employment opportunities. Yet, to reap these benefits will require a shift in our thinking about city physical planning and its design and development.
This event is a fantastic opportunity to learn why DUSP is ranked as one of the best planning programs in the country. The day's main event is a lunch introducing you to the Department and its degree programs. You'll also have the opportunity to meet current students and faculty. Before and after lunch, you are welcome to visit classes or sign up for one-on-one meetings with faculty members. The day will conclude with an alumni panel presented by the DUSP Career Development Office. We look forward to meeting you!
Carmin Symposium on Urban Climate Adaptation
In Memoriam of JoAnn Carmin (1958-2014)
A new article on the MIT News site asks DUSP Visiting Professor Calestous Juma three questions about economic growth in Africa. Click here to see what he had to say.
Two MIT CoLab Mel King Community Fellows (MKCF), Ai-Jen Poo (2013-2014) and Rick Lowe (2014) have been selected as 2014 MacArthur Fellows. Ai-Jen Poo is Director of the National Domestic Workers Alliance, her MKCFs cohort has been focused on labor/community partnerships and innovative approaches to organizing worker power. Rick Lowe is Founder of Project Row Houses, his MKCFs cohort is focused on how the field of urban planning can be animated with the creativity and criticality of artist's perspectives.
Cellphone apps that find users car rides in real time are exploding in popularity: The car-service company Uber was recently valued at $18 billion, and even as it faces legal wrangles, a number of companies that provide similar services with licensed taxi cabs have sprung up.
What if the taxi-service app on your cellphone had a button on it that let you indicate that you were willing to share a ride with another passenger? How drastically could cab-sharing reduce traffic, fares, and carbon dioxide emissions?
Carey Anne Nadeau (MCP, Feb ‘15) has been selected after a competitive proposal process, as the recipient of a $10,000 research stipend by the Graduate Research Award Program on Public-Sector Aviation Issues. Sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration of the U.S.
Congratulations to DUSP Professor Brent Ryan, who was recently awarded a "Committed to Caring” honor from the Office of the Dean for Graduate Education. The program recognizes MIT faculty members who "go above and beyond to make an impact in the lives of graduate students." Two new faculty members are recognized each month through a broad campus poster and web campaign. Honorees are determined by a selection committee made up of MIT graduate students and staff.
In granting the award, the office noted,
In her thesis Fizzah Sajjad (MCP '14) asks how opportunities emerge for states in the Global South to undertake large-scale spending on public transport, particularly in cases where they have previously withdrawn from its provision. In recent years, such opportunities have emerged in the form of mass transit mega-projects, particularly Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) mega-projects.
In his dissertation, Onesimo Flores Dewey studied how the governments of cities limited by scarce fiscal resources and weak institutions enhance their transportation planning and regulatory capacities to provide the public with cleaner, safer, efficient, and reliable public transit alternatives. Such aims are particularly challenging for cities of the developing world, in part because a quasi-informal network of privately owned transport operators has been historically responsible for satisfying the public’s mobility needs with minimal state intervention.
Francisco Humeres (MCP ’14) focused on Power Centrality as a method for measuring a particular feedback property: How well connected are places to other well connected places. In this research Power Centrality is used to assess a recent model of Urban Structure; The Splintering Urbanism Theory of Graham and Marvin (2001). This theory posits that the contemporary city is a fragmented agglomeration of isolated urban pieces where distant but valuable fragments are highly connected between them, bypassing their less valuable surroundings.
Yunke Xiang (MCP ’14) focused on how cities are trying a range of transportation policy and investment alternatives to reduce car-induced externalities. He explored why, without a solid understanding of how people behave within the constraints from transportation policies, it is hard to tell which of these policies are really doing the job and which may be inducing unintended problems. The focus of this paper is the determinants of vehicle ownership in the motorized city-state context of Singapore.
Lillian K. Steponaitis (MCP ’14) examined community-based organizations, in which success is based not only on the services they offer, but also their more intangible networks of trust, robust local relationships, and on-the-ground knowledge of community needs. As local organizations grow and seek to replicate themselves, the question of local trust and participation, the very basis of their legitimacy, is sometimes challenged.
Laura Andreae Martin (MCP '14) focuses on cooperation projects rooted in cultural ties which are receiving unprecedented attention from the international development community. When and how culture practically matters to development has not been thoroughly explored within urban planning. Her thesis examines whether, when, and how cultural affinities matter for the successful design, management, and implementation of urban planning projects in the global South with international partnerships.
This past spring semester Professor Amy Glasmeier taught her new course Geography of the Global Economy Systems in Transition: Russia, China and the U.S. The course is part of the newly launched Skoltech curriculum which is a collaboration with Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology.
Dayna Cunningham, Executive Director of the Community Innovators Lab (CoLab), recently wrote an article for The Architectural League of New York titled, Five Thousand Pound Democracy: Citizenship and Governance for a Five Thousand Pound Life.