SUSTAINABLE NEIGHBORHOODS IN CHINA
Through Inclusiveness, Connection, & Environment: A Planning Handbook
Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The report produced by the students of the 2013 studio accomplishes that goal and is organized in two parts. The first deals with the Planning Handbook. The second section includes the summaries of independent explorations on related research topics or planning tools that interested each student and could be used in future projects.
The Planning Handbook is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the megatrends and assumptions about major topics such as economy, people and lifestyles, environment, land planning and infrastructure that will defi ne the future context of planning in China. Chapters 2-5 detail the systems that have been identifi ed as critical in planning sustainable residential communities: Nature, Mobility, Housing and Community. For each of these systems the Handbook describes the goals, policies and trends as well as the steps of the process that should be followed in the planning of specific projects. Each chapter also includes a description of best current practices and emerging technologies that could be used when considering possible solutions. Chapter 6 articulates the process of integration of the varying requirements of each system that must be achieved when planning sustainable residential neighborhoods.
It is hoped that this handbook will be appreciated, used and, over time, expanded by practitioners and public offi cials working in China as well as students who are entering the planning profession in this challenging transitional time.