New Orleans and HCED
Following the devastating impact of hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the resulting flood control system failures, many students and faculty within the Housing, Community and Economic Development group have worked to support the efforts to rebuild New Orleans and its neighborhoods in a just and sustainable manner. This work takes many forms and is part of the group's long-term commitment to assist in rebuilding efforts while enhancing learning and public service opportunities for DUSP students. It has encompassed affordable housing, community organizing, economic development, education and neighborhood planning but at its core it seeks to enhance the capacity of organizations on the front line of rebuilding to better understand key rebuilding issues and options and to take action to advance their agendas on a neighborhood, city and regional scale. These efforts include on-going partnerships with DUSP alumni and organizations in the New Orleans city government several New Orleans neighborhoods including Broodmoor, Fauborg St. John, Mid-City, Treme, and Village de L'Est.
HCED Courses Engaged in New Orleans
- Economic Development Finance:Over five semesters, student teams have completed 24 technical assistance projects for public and non-profit community and economic development organizations on program design, project feasibility, business or project financing. Clients have included Good Work Network, Jefferson Economic Development Commission, Lower 9th Ward Neighborhood Empowerment Network Association, Broadmoor Development Corporation, Mary Queen of Vietnam Church and Community Development Corporation, the New Orleans Mayor's Office of Economic Development, New Orleans Neighborhood Housing Services, SEEDCO Financial Services, and The Idea Village.
- Revitalizing Urban Main Streets:This practicum course focusing on integrating urban design and economic development to prepare revitalization plans for city neighborhood commercial districts. In Spring 2007, the course worked with neighborhood associations and other stakeholders in the Mid-City, Tulane-Gravier, Treme, and Fauborg St. John neighborhoods to prepare a rebuilding plan for New Orleans' Broad Street corridor. This plan lead to the creation of Broad Community Connections and a ground-breaking commercial corridor initiative to help improve and connect four neighborhoods that is described in more detail below. In Spring 2009, this class prepared a revitalization plan for the St. Claude Main Streets district, focusing the area between Elysian Fields Avenue and Press Street.
- Cityscope:CityScope is a project-based introduction to the contemporary city that focuses on assessing scenarios for the purpose of formulating social, economic and design strategies to provide humane and sustainable solutions. In Spring 2007, this course focused on New Orleans with students developing several tools to assist rebuilding efforts in the Broadmoor neighborhood.
- Downtown Management Organizations:In Fall 2006, students worked for the Mayor's Retail Task Force to prepared plan for a Business Improvement District serving New Orleans French Quarter, in collaboration with a team from Economic Development Finance.
Student Internships & Projects
Office of Recovery Management (ORM) Summer Internship Program
Supported by a grant from the MIT Public Service Center, The Community Innovators Lab sent 15 undergraduate and graduate students from DUSP, Arch, CCE, and MechE to work at the Office of Recovery Management during Summer 2007. Students created a full-fledged recovery plan for each of the 17 Target Areas the ORM identified as areas in which to invest public, long-term recovery funding. Students also worked on the creation of a sustainability plan for the city, entitled GreeNOLA, which includes plans and recommendations for green building, energy production and distribution, waste and recycling, transportation, climate change, environment, and coastal protection and environmental justice.
NOLA Fellows Programs
Through a joint project between Co-Lab and HCED, six DUSP students worked as year-long fellows for community organizations in New Orleans adding to their capacity to plan and implement rebuilding projects from 2008 to 2010.
January 2011 IAP Initiative
Nine students from CDD and HCED collaborated to work on several three week intensive projects in New Orleans: Elaine Braithwaite, Jessica Garz, Stephen Kennedy, Marcie Parkhurst, Lindsay Reul, Farzana Serang, Alice Shay, Jonah Stern and Ann-Ariel Vecchio. One team worked with the city's Office of Blight Policy and Neighborhood Revitalization to map and document blighted properties across the city. Other students worked with Broad Community Connections on three projects: (1) creating guidelines and resources to implement their Iconic Sign program; (2)conducting a feasibility for reuse of a vacant building as a gym/fitness center; and (3) mapping uses and conditions along the Lafitte corridor and preparing tools to support community participation in planning for the development of a new greenway across four neighborhoods.
New Orleans Neighborhood Development Collaborative
DUSP/HCED graduate student Ted Schwartzberg worked with the New Orleans Neighborhood Development Collaborative (NONDC) in 2007 to create a policy fellowship program to research best practices on affordable housing and community development, and then place fellows on staff with City Councilors and other public officials. Throughout 2010, NOLA Fellow Laura Manville assisted NONDC to develop a framework and methods to evaluate their impact, implement housing development projects and research financing tools and strategies to expand the scale and scope of their housing improvement efforts.
Broad Community Connections
The work of 2007 Revitalizing Main Street course catalyzed the creation of Broad Community Connections to revitalize New Orleans' Broad Street into a vibrant street that connects its four adjacent neighborhoods. Since 2007, faculty member Karl Seidman, NOLA Fellow Aditi Mehta, DUSP undergraduate intern Alison Sheppard, and seven 2011 IAP interns several students have assisted BCC in developing and implementing several projects and initiatives. BCC has also been the client for two Chase Competition projects (see below) and a project in the 2009 Financing Economic Development class to design a commercial property revolving loan fund.
Three DUSP students worked with the Broadmoor Development Corporation beginning Fall 2006. They supported projects to re-open Keller Library (Anna Brand), develop program and funding proposals for the redevelopment of the Bohn Ford Building (Jeff Schwartz), and develop a land trust (Cali Kay Gorewitz). A fourth student (Hattie Silberberg) joined these three students during January 2007 to work on commercial finance. NOLA fellow Bernadette Baird-Zars worked for the Broadmoor Development Corporation in summer 2009 to create a financing strategy to rehab air and build new homes on blighted properties and land.
St. Roch Project
NOLA Fellow Jacquelyn Dadakis research and developed a business plan for new energy efficiency enterprise to be established undertaken by this community-based non-profit.
Affordable Housing Policy Analysis
From September to December 2006, DUSP student Rachel Wilch worked for the Neighborhood Housing Services as a policy analyst on affordable housing issues. Her work helped affordable housing advocates get a voice in housing policy decisions and provided on-going communication of critical housing policy information to community members across barriers of culture, language and literacy.
Environmental Justice in Treme
During Summer 2006, DUSP students Sharlene Leurig, Chris Lyddy, Laura Machala, Sagree Sharma, and Dulari Tahbildar organized a workshop series held at the People's Environmental Center (PEC) in Treme that covered housing rights, environmental contamination, soil remediation and safe indoor cleanup for returning residents. Leurig worked with a team of architects to design a soil remediation demonstration garden at the PEC to identify low-cost soil remediation technologies and connect the designers and PEC staff with environmental scientists who have tested these technologies in low-income neighborhoods.
Surveying Needs of Grassroots Organizations
In January-February 2006, four graduate students - Leigh Graham, Jainey Bavishi, Rachel Wilch, and MIT alumna Susana Williams surveyed the activities and needs of grassroots organization in New Orleans and provided periodic reports to inform several foundations on current conditions and critical funding needs. Bavishi and Wilch continued this work through June 2006, with funding by the Unitarian Universalist Association-Unitarian Universalist Service Committee and provided periodic reports to inform the national philanthropic community on current conditions and critical funding needs.
Chase Community Development Competition
The Chase Competition is a national competition in which student teams prepare a development plan for a community development project for a non-profit client. From 20008 to 2010, the competition has focused on projects in New Orleans. HCED students worked on the following project plans, all of which received awards under the competition.
Bridge: Community Health Center for New Orleans East.
Seven MCP students, Mai Dang, Kevin Feeney, Laura Manville, Erik Scanlon, Brian Valle, Yan Ping Wang, and Ryan Maliszewski worked with MQVN Community Development Corporation to prepare a plan for expansion of a community health center MIT. The project plan placed first securing a $25,000 prize for the CDC to help advance pre-development efforts. A copy of the final project report can be found here: Bridge Health Center Report
Linking Educational Assets and Economic Development:425 South Broad Street
Seven MCP studenst and one architecture student, Timothy Bates, Anne Bowman, Caroline Edwards, Anne Emig, Amanda Martin, Sagarika Suri, Ann Woods, Aspasia Xypolia, prepared a plan for Broad Community Connections to reuse a vacant middle school into a construction and design center. The project placed second in the competition securing a $15,000 prize for Broad Community Connections to seed project implementation. A copy of the final project report can be found here: 425 South Broad Street
Broad Street ReFresh
As part of the 2009 Chase Community Development HCED students Jacquelyn Dadakis and Aditi Mehta worked in conjunction with two architecture students at Washington University to prepare a development plan for the reuse of a vacant supermarket on Broad Street The project placed second in the competition securing a $15,000 prize for Broad Community Connections to seed project implementation. BCC gained site control over the property in fall 2010 and is working on securing tenants and financing for the project.
Franz Building Redevelopment
As part of the 2008 Chase Community Development HCED students Holly Jo Sparks and Lakshmi Sridaran worked in conjunction with an architecture class at Washington University to prepare a development plan for the reuse of the Franz Building in Central City into a neighborhood business incubator and offices for Good Work Network. The project placed first in the competition securing a $25,000 prize for Good Work Network to seed project implementation and began construction in 2010.